An astonishing amount of litigation followed in the wake of the Madoff scandal revelations, as I have detailed here. But thought the litigation filings have surged, the question remains whether the plaintiffs’ desperate attempts to recover their losses from third parties have any chance of success.
This question was underscored by the March 4, 2010 ruling by a Luxembourg court that individual investors who lost money in Madoff’s scheme lack standing to sue UBS AG and its auditor Ernst & Young for losses in the bank’s LuxAlpha funds. According to news reports, the court said that the investor plaintiffs had failed to show they had suffered individual damage separate and apart from the funds themselves. They also failed to show any individual damage suffered by the alleged behavior of UBS or Ernst & Young.
But though the Luxembourg dismissal received widespread coverage, there was a largely overlooked earlier Madoff-related case ruling out of Florida, in which the investor plaintiffs’ claims largely survived the defendants’ motions to dismiss. (The Florida case is mentioned in a March 5, 2010 Wall Street Journal article, here, which otherwise is devoted to the Luxembourg court ruling.)
The Florida case arose on May 7, 2009, when seventeen plaintiffs filed a 62-page complaint in Palm Beach County Circuit Court against Madoff feeder funds Tremont Group Holdings and Tremont Partners, as well as three associated Rye Select funds. The complaint also names KPMG, which had serves as the Rye funds’ auditor, as a defendant.
The plaintiffs’ complaint alleges that the Tremont and Rye Select Fund defendants failed to perform their professional duties, but rather simply turned invested funds over to Madoff. The plaintiffs allege that the defendants "did not analyze Madoff, investigate his companies, conduct significant due diligence, or ensure that there were rudimentary safeguards." The plaintiffs further allege that the defendants took tens of millions of dollars in management and other fees from the funds.
The complaint alleges that the defendants violated Florida securities laws, committed common law fraud, negligent misrepresentation, professional malpractice and negligence. The complaint also alleges that defendants breached their contractual and fiduciary duties. The defendants moved to dismiss.
With respect to the Tremont and Rye funds defendants, Judge French granted the motions to dismiss, without prejudice, as to plaintiffs’ claims of breach of fiduciary duty (Count VI), breach of statutory fiduciary duty (Count VII), breach of contract (Count XI), and adding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty (Count XII), all essentially on the grounds that the plaintiffs had failed to allege individualized injury, apart from the injuries to the funds themselves.
However, Judge French denied the Tremont and Rye funds defendants’ dismissal motions as to plaintiffs’ claims for violation of state securities laws (Count I), Negligence Per Se (Count II), Fraud in the Inducement (Count III), Negligent Misrepresentation (Count IV), and Deceptive and Unfair Practices (Count VIII), as these are claims where the investor plaintiffs suffered their own individual injuries.
Judge French also granted without prejudice KPMG’s dismissal motions as to plaintiffs’ claims for Negligent Misrepresentation (Count V), Professional Malpractice (Count X) and Aiding and Abetting Breach of Fiduciary Duty (Count XIII), but denied KPMG’s dismissal motion as to plaintiffs’ allegations against KPMG for deceptive or unfair practices (Count IX).
While the defendants’ dismissal motions were granted in part, substantial portions of the plaintiffs’ complaint survived and the case will now go forward, showing that at least some Madoff victims may be able to allege claims sufficient to survive initial dismissal motions.
The February 5 ruling seems significant because as far as I am aware it represents the first instance in which a private plaintiff against a Madoff feeder fund has survived a motion to dismiss.
To be sure, on February 8, 2010, New York Supreme Court Judge Richard B. Lowe III did enter an order (here), denying the defendants’ motions to dismiss in the New York Attorney General’s civil fraud lawsuit pending against Ezra Merkin and his Madoff-related feeder funds. But the Florida ruling is the only ruling of which I am aware in which a private plaintiff lawsuit against a Madoff feeder fund has survived a dismissal motion and will be going forward.
Obviously, the massive amount of Madoff-related litigation will continue to grind through the courts for years to come. The Florida decision shows that plaintiffs may be able to survive dismissal motions in at least some of these cases. Of course, whether the plaintiffs will ever recover even a very small part of their losses remains to be seen.
Special thanks to a loyal reader for calling my attention to the Florida decision and providing me with a copy of the opinion.
Class Act on the Danube: Here at The D&O Diary, we scour the globe looking of interest for our readers. By way of example, we refer readers to the article that appeared in the March 8, 2010 issue of the Budapest Business Journal (here), in which it is reported that "a revision to the standing civil code will shortly introduce class action lawsuits to the Hungarian legal system and already has a number of nongovernmental interest groups revving up to start the proceedings."
The prospects for class litigation outside the U.S. apparently continue to spread. Everyone here will remain vigilant.
If You Are Even Thinking about Starting a Blog: As we have pointed out before, a blog is a harsh mistress, as we know all too well. However, there may be those at this very moment who may be thinking about starting a blog. For all the aspiring bloggers, we recommend an essay by Mark Herrmann (now an ex-blogger since relinquishing his role as co-author of the essential Drug and Device Law Blog) in the Winter 2010 issue of the ABA Section of Litigation Journal entitled "Memoirs of a Blogger" (here, hat tip to the WSJ.com Law Blog).
Although much of the article is focused on the question whether a law blog is a good idea for a big firm attorney, there are many more universal truths as well. Among other indispensible pointers with which we concur, Herrmann states: "If you’re thinking of launching a legal blog, have your eyes open. Once you launch a blog, you will face the relentless, mind-numbing, never-ending task of finding worthwhile material to publish. That burden begins on the day of your first post, and ends only the day you call it quits."
And along those lines, everyone here at The D&O Diary is always grateful when readers send along blog ideas and suggestions. We get our best material from readers, so please let us know if you see anything interesting out there.