The FDIC has picked up where it left off at the end of 2009, with its first bank closure of the New Year. On Friday, January 8, 2010, the FDIC took control of Horizon Bank of Bellingham, Washington, for the first bank closure of 2010. While the FDIC’s continuation of its regulatory actions regarding troubled banks seems likely in the near term, what remains to be seen is whether the FDIC’s actions will include litigation against the former directors and officers of the failed banks.


Though the FDIC has yet to launch D&O litigation, the lawsuits may be just ahead. The FDIC is taking a series of steps clearly designed to prepare for litigation.


First, as reported in a January 10, 2010 article in FinCri Advisor (here), the FDIC is "subpoenaing bank officials and workers, hoping to gather evidence to use in potential litigation." By way of illustration, a recent motion filed by bank officials in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings involving Haven Trust Bancorp, the holding company for a Duluth, Georgia bank that failed in December 2008, states that certain of the officials "received subpoenas…issued by counsel to the [FDIC] regarding the FDIC’s investigation of certain matters relating to the failure of Haven Trust Bank." (The former officials’ motion sought access to the D&O insurance policy proceeds in order for the officials to be able to defend themselves.)


Second, as I noted in a prior post, the FDIC is sending civil demand letters to former directors and officers of failed banks. According to the FinCri Advisor article, former directors in Florida, California, Illinois, Texas and Georgia have received FDIC claims letters. According to a commentator in the article, one obvious trigger for a demand letter is the approaching expiration date of the D&O insurance policy.


An example of one of these demand letters is described in a January 8, 2010 Atlanta Business Chronicle article, here (registration required). The article describes a September 28, 2009 letter sent to the D&O liability insurer for Georgian Bank, an Atlanta bank that the FDIC closed on September 25, 2009. According to the article, the letter details the potential claims the FDIC might make against the bank’s former directors and officers, including allegations of "unsafe and unsound banking practices."


Industry experts quoted in the Atlanta Business Chronicle article say that "such letters likely have been filed with insurers by all 30 banks that have failed in Georgia since August 2008."


But while the FDIC is clearly pursing investigations and taking steps to try to preserve the right to try to recover D&O insurance proceeds, it "has not filed any D&O lawsuits in connection with the bank failures since the crisis began in 2008," according to an FDIC spokesman quoted in the article.


According to the FinCri Advisor article, "the FDIC spends about a year conducting an investigation into a failed bank before deciding whether it can pursue a claim against former directors and officers."


Because of the FDIC’s many continuing investigations, 2010, according to an attorney quoted in the FinCri Advisor article, "will be the year of investigation and tolling agreements." One reason for the FDIC to proceed carefully is that it doesn’t want to push cases early that may set bad precedents, which could "doom subsequent cases."


But though the FDIC is now proceeding cautiously, when the litigation ultimately comes, there is likely to be a lot of it. The FinCri Advisor article quotes the FDIC’s former head of litigation as saying that "about half" of the bank failures will "see some director litigation." Before all is said and done, the coming litigation "could rival the litigation that occurred in the 80s and 90s as a result of the many thrift failures."


Special thanks to loyal reader Henry Turner for providing me with a copy of the Haven Trust pleading and the Atlanta Business Chronicle article.


Another Perspective: As a continuation of my early post in which I linked to a variety of Top Ten lists, I note here the recent post on the Corporate Disclosure Alert blog (written by my law school classmate and investor advocate, Sanford Lewis) about "10 Questions of Risk Management for the New Decade" (here). Lewis contends that "far more must be done to turn the patchwork of risk management approaches into viable public policy and corporate governance solutions." The list of issues that Lewis contends should be addressed is interesting and provocative.


We Aren’t What We Watch – Are We?: On New Year’s Day, my hyperkinetic eldest daughter — collegiate swimmer, rugby player – who rarely sits still long enough to watch TV, announced "I think I’ll watch some college football" and she plopped herself down beside me on the couch. Unfortunately for the nascent possibility of a little father-daughter bonding, the game broadcast at that moment was in the middle of the Flomax halftime report, and the commercial had just reached the point where it advised that Flomax’s adverse side effect may include a "reduction in semen."


As she was leaving the room, my daughter offered the observation that at least on TV college football is clearly meant for a "different demographic."


Indeed. But what exactly is the intended demographic?


The commercials themselves suggest that the target audience consists of people who are basically worried. They are not only worried just because they have to go pee all the time. They are worried about their credit scores. They are worried that their nest eggs have shrunk. They are worried about figuring out their taxes. They are worried because their computers are too slow and because their 3G network’s coverage areas are too small.


So many things to worry about. Too bad for you if all you want to do is watch a little football.


But in the midst of all of this apprehension and fear, there is cause for hope. For the overweight, for example, Taco Bell would like to communicate the optimistic message that you can lose weight by eating fast food. (I am not making this up.)


If playing time alone is any measure, the most important message for our society seems to be that Taco Bell now has a five-layer burrito for 89 cents. For those of you thinking, "No Way!" — you have to understand that they are not offering to pay you 89 cents to eat that thing. They are expecting you to pay them. Seriously. As my son said, "Is that supposed to be food?"


Perhaps (I can hope optimistically) we are all in the wrong demographic. How much more fortunate are the viewers of the UK premier league soccer games. Since the game clock never stops, there are no commercial interruptions – which obviously is the reason that soccer has never been allowed to catch on commercially in the U.S. Of course, the soccer games do have halftimes, which does hold open the theoretical possibility for Flomax halftime reports.